Research & Monitoring

An effective research and monitoring program is an essential component of the recovery plan to conserve the Bank Swallows and their habitat. Insight gained from research and monitoring efforts will guide the identification and prioritization of management and research needs and meet agency responsibilities to track the status and trends of the species. All research and monitoring activities are intended to further scientific understanding of the species with the ultimate goal of informing conservation activities. All research and monitoring activities will be conducted in a manner ensuring the highest quality collection data possible.

Selected Publications & Documents

  • Bank Swallow (Riparia riparia) Conservation Strategy for the Sacramento River Watershed, California (BANS-TAC 2013) (pdf)
  • Population Trends and Management of the Bank Swallow on the Sacramento River (Garrison et al. 1989) (pdf)
  • Monitoring Bank Swallow Populations on the Sacramento River: A Decade of Decline (Schlorff 1997) (pdf)
  • Bank Swallows on the Sacramento River, a 10-year Update on Populations and Conservation Status - Dawn Garcia, Ronald Schlorff, and Joe Silveira (2008) (pdf)
  • Report a Bank Swallow Colony-Altacal Audubon Society (2008) (pdf)

Population Status Reports

Annual Population Survey Reports

Survey Protocols

bank swallow flying near nest entrance

Bank Swallow (Riparia riparia) near a nest entrance

Bank Swallow in hand

Bank Swallow (Riparia riparia)

eroding bank - habitat

A colony nesting on an eroding, vertical bank on the Sacramento River